Awareness of Basic Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and Related Factors in Patients Referred to Shahidzadeh Hospital in Behbahan: A Study in Southwestern Iran
Background: Given that the golden time to rescue a patient with cardiac arrest is only a few minutes, and since many deaths occur before the patient arrives at the medical center, if those present at the scene are familiar with basic resuscitation, they can perform resuscitation, Prevent the death of the person. Due to the importance of measuring the level of knowledge of individuals, this study was conducted to determine the level of knowledge about basal cardiopulmonary resuscitation in patients referred to Shahidzadeh Hospital in Behbahan in 2020.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was performed on patients referred to Shahidzadeh Hospital in Behbahan in the first quarter of 2020 by available sampling method. The data collection tool was a researcher-made questionnaire of basic cardiopulmonary resuscitation with face validity and reliability was 0.71. Data were analyzed using SPSS 20 software and independent t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficient.
Results: This study was performed on 169 patients with a mean age of 25/12±57/34 patients referred to the hospital. The mean knowledge of these people was 69/2±12/4 which indicates poor knowledge in the field of resuscitation. People with higher education and people who had obtained information in this regard during their studies, had a statistically significant better knowledge than others (p <0.05). There was no statistically significant relationship between the mean scores of knowledge and gender, marital status, and place of residence (p >0.05).
Conclusion: The results showed that the level of clients' awareness of cardiopulmonary resuscitation is low and special attention should be paid to increasing the awareness of these strata in the macro programs of the health network and the health care system. Also, using strategies such as using new classes and educational tools can be very effective and raise the level of awareness of these people. It is also suggested that this study be performed in the clients of health centers and other related factors be examined.